Everyone Should Know The Fundamentals Of Survival
Everyone, regardless of the type of emergency or natural disaster in which they find themselves, should have some basic survival skills.
Read through the list, mark what you know how to do and what resources you have on hand if needed, and then focus on the remaining skills. These foundational skills will serve you well throughout your life.
Water Exploration and Treatment
One of the first things you’ll need to do in an emergency is locate a clean water source. It’s incredible how often this becomes a problem following big storms, power outages, and other similar situations.
If you expect a natural disaster, prepare at least a half-litre of drinking water for each person for at least three days.
It’s also a good idea to get a modest water purifier and learn how to use it. Look for natural water sources in your area if running water runs out.
Start a Fire
The ability to start a fire is another useful skill. You can cook over a fire because it gives heat and light. Begin by remembering your experience in the Boy Scouts or watching a YouTube video. Building a fire is not difficult, but it is a skill that should be taught.
After that, you can experiment with various methods for creating a flame without a match or lighter and getting moist wood to burn.
Make a Shelter
Hopefully, you won’t need to construct a shelter because you’re in the woods or your house has been wrecked.
However, learning a few different ways to build a shelter using materials in your area is a good idea.
Begin with simple twine and tarp shelters, then move to more complicated skills using only natural materials such as sticks, branches, trees, and leaves.
Learn the fundamentals of first aid.
If a storm hits your area, you or someone close to you could be injured by flying debris or something similar. Learn the basics of first aid, get a good first aid kit, and learn how to use the various components in your kit. This will enable you to care for yourself and your family until medical help arrives.
Food Purchasing and Preparation
Stocking up on staple foods before a hurricane or other natural disaster is always a good idea.
Stock up on ready-to-eat items and make sure you can open cans, extract food, and heat and cook it if possible.
Then, learn about the culinary items available in your area and where to find them. You won’t need your foraging skills to survive, but it’s fun and gives you and your family something to do while you wait for rescue.
Ensure you can summon help without a cell phone and have some critical tools. At the very least, you’ll need a torch and a mirror. For example, markers, tape, and other tools used to write messages on your house’s roof are also helpful.
If you acquire and practise these skills, you will be well on your way to surviving a calamity. Of course, most of these skills will be helpful on your next camping trip.
Prepare your neighbourhood for natural disasters.
Natural disasters occur worldwide, and no matter where you live, you will most likely be affected by several of them during your lifetime.
Depending on where you live, they may occur or threaten your home much more frequently. It’s simple to see why being ready for such tragedies is essential.
Before taking action, becoming acquainted with the probable local disasters and calamities is critical. Fires can affect everyone, and winter storms can cause road closures and power outages nationwide.
It is then determined by where you live. Flooding, tornadoes, hurricanes, typhoons, earthquakes, and other natural disasters may threaten your city. Do your homework, read the news, talk to your neighbours, and learn about natural disasters for which you should be prepared.
Your local government, mainly emergency services, is an excellent source of information. Many of them can warn you of potential hazards and supply you with booklets, plans, and other materials to help you prepare for any eventuality.
Once you know what to expect in your area, you must understand how to respond to natural catastrophes. Will you be allowed to stay in your home, or will you be forced to flee? Is there anything you should know about emergency shelters or evacuation routes?
Once you’ve grasped the essentials, establish a strategy to secure your home, yard, and vehicles in the event of a disaster.
What can you do to increase the chances of your property surviving the disaster? Having sandbags on hand can be beneficial if you live in a flood-prone area. Again, it greatly depends on where you live and the type of natural disaster you are experiencing.
In an emergency, you should always have food, drink, medicine, a first aid kit, a lantern, a radio, and some tools. Every home should have a well-organized emergency kit that is readily available in an emergency.
Learn as soon as possible about potential threats so that you can prepare. If you feel a disaster is coming, set up cell phone notifications, join up for local emergency emails, and stay updated on news and social media.
The sooner you learn, the better you can adapt and plan. Pay heed to local authorities and evacuate if required. Things can be replaced, but not people.
Create a Basic Emergency Kit.
Do you keep a basic first-aid kit on hand? Governments advise individuals to prepare for the rising frequency of natural and man-made calamities. Your essential pack should include everything you need to survive for a few days or until aid arrives.
Water that is suitable for drinking
Dehydration is one of the first concerns in any crisis or disaster. Ensure that you have enough safe drinking water to last many days. An essential water filtration equipment that may supplement your drinking water supply in the event of contaminated water sources is a wise alternative or augmentation.
Food and accessories
Following that, keep at least a few emergency food supplies on hand. This is especially important if you have young children, pregnant or breastfeeding women, the elderly, or family members with diabetes or low blood sugar.
They can go without food for even longer than you can. Keep ready-to-eat meals like granola bars, almonds, and canned items. Ascertain you have the necessary equipment or resources to open food containers and eat.
Prioritise meals that will not spoil quickly and can be consumed cold in an emergency. The power will most certainly go out, leaving you unable to cook or reheat the desired meal.
Phone, radio, and torch
Then, miniature electronic or electrical gadgets can be operated by hand. You must be able to gather the required information and see where you are going.
A decent lamp with a long battery life and a small weather radio are required. This can be battery-powered or operated manually. If you use battery-powered devices, always keep a backup pair of batteries in your pack.
Finally, in a disaster, bring your phone and charger. You need to be able to contact your family as quickly as possible.
A small first-aid kit with bandages, alcohol wipes, plasters, scissors, and main pain medications is also advised. Make a note of any medications you take daily. If you have a family member who suffers from severe allergies, antihistamines or even an epi-pen can be life-saving.
Instruments of various types
Several tools can be helpful in an emergency. A good knife is crucial and can come in helpful in various scenarios. A wrench or pliers will be helpful if you need to turn off utilities in an emergency. Finally, keep a whistle and a flashing light or flare in your toolkit to alert rescue personnel to your location.
Managing Long-Term Power Outages
Long-term power outages are one of the most severe consequences of a natural disaster. Regardless of where you live or what situations you may face, it’s a good idea to consider and plan for extended periods without power.
Alternative energy sources
If you can prepare for a power outage, charge your phone and any mobile devices first. It’s also a good time to stock up on batteries, get a small battery-powered power bank, and consider buying a generator.
Candles are another excellent alternative energy source, as are stoves or fireplaces that burn wood, providing light and warmth and the ability to warm up and cook meals in the event of a fireplace or stove.
Carrying multiple flashlights and additional batteries is usually a good idea. It would be beneficial to carry a small, battery-powered radio to keep up with news and weather forecasts while the power is off.
If you have a generator, ensure you know how it works, have enough fuel, and always run it outside.
Food storage and preparation without electricity
Close your refrigerator; you’ll be fine if the power loss is only for a few hours. Eat perishable food first if the power outage lasts longer. Use a camping stove or grill to get as much done as possible, then discard the leftovers.
Close your freezer entirely and, if possible, provide extra insulation by putting heavy blankets or comforters over it.
When fresh food runs out, start defrosting, cooking, and eating frozen food. Keep the freezer container as closed as possible to trap cold air and keep food fresher for longer.
You can use a charcoal or gas barbecue to cook and grill outside. Bring the propane burner and cook on it if you have camping equipment. Cooking over a small fire is always an option if neither option is available. Internal cooking raises the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning and house fires.
In the lack of power, keeping warm or chilly.
Staying warm or cold without electricity might be challenging during protracted power outages. Early home insulation can have a significant impact. To keep the heat or cool air in, close the shutters and drapes as much as possible.
Use the sun and external temperatures to control the temperature in your home at any time of day or night. Wrap in numerous layers of warm clothing and a thick blanket, or wear as little as possible.
In hot weather, providing a cool breeze might be advantageous. Stay hydrated (either warm or as relaxed as feasible) when you’re out in the cold, and eat a high-calorie diet.